Allspice trees are evergreen medium-sized, grow up to a height of 8 to 10 meters, and with a slender upright trunk and smooth greyish bark. The mail trees produce only a few fruits. The male and female trees are similar in appearance and cannot be identified until flowering commences.
The major use of allspice is in the food industry (65 to 70%) in domestic use (5% to 10%), production of berry oil (20% to 25%), extraction of oleoresin (1% to 2%), and pharmaceutical and perfume industry. Berry, berry oil, oleoresin, leaf oil are products of economic use. It is used mostly in Western cooking and less suitable for Eastern cooking. It has medicinal, anti-microbial, insecticidal, nematicidal, anti-oxidant, and deodorant properties.